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HomeInvestmentsAMH Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Financial and Operating Results

AMH Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Financial and Operating Results

18% Increase in Quarterly Distribution

LAS VEGAS, Feb. 22, 2024 /PRNewswire/ — AMH (NYSE: AMH) (the “Company”), a leading large-scale integrated owner, operator and developer of single-family rental homes, today announced its financial and operating results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2023.

Highlights

  • Rents and other single-family property revenues increased 7.3% year-over-year to $408.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2023.
  • Net income attributable to common shareholders totaled $76.6 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $87.5 million, or $0.25 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2022.
  • Core Funds from Operations (“Core FFO”) attributable to common share and unit holders increased 8.8% year-over-year to $0.43 per FFO share and unit for the fourth quarter of 2023 and Adjusted Funds from Operations (“Adjusted FFO”) attributable to common share and unit holders increased 9.3% year-over-year to $0.39 per FFO share and unit for the fourth quarter of 2023.
  • Core Net Operating Income (“Core NOI”) from Same-Home properties increased by 6.0% year-over-year for the fourth quarter of 2023.
  • Achieved Same-Home Average Occupied Days Percentage of 96.2% in the fourth quarter of 2023, while generating 4.5% rate growth on new leases and 6.2% rate growth on renewals, resulting in 5.7% blended rate growth.
  • Delivered a total of 503 high-quality and energy-efficient newly constructed homes from our AMH Development Program to our wholly-owned portfolio and unconsolidated joint ventures in the fourth quarter of 2023.
  • Raised common share dividend by 18% to $0.26 in the first quarter of 2024.
  • Subsequent to quarter end, issued first-of-its-kind green bonds in the single-family rental sector, raising $600.0 million at 5.500% due 2034.

“Our strong fourth quarter results capped off another year of resilient and durable growth at AMH with Core FFO per share growing by nearly 8% in 2023,” stated David Singelyn, AMH’s Chief Executive Officer. “As we look ahead to 2024, sustained long-term fundamentals, superior operational execution supported by strategic initiatives, and consistent production out of the development program will continue to position us for both resiliency and long-term value creation.”

Fourth Quarter 2023 Financial Results

Net income attributable to common shareholders totaled $76.6 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $87.5 million, or $0.25 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2022. The decrease was primarily due to lower net gains on property sales, partially offset by higher rental rates.

Rents and other single-family property revenues increased 7.3% to $408.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $380.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2022. Revenue growth was primarily driven by higher rental rates.

Core NOI from our total portfolio increased 8.9% to $235.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $216.4 million for the fourth quarter of 2022. This growth was driven by a 7.3% increase in core revenues resulting primarily from higher rental rates, partially offset by a 4.3% increase in core property operating expenses.

For the Company’s Same-Home portfolio, core revenues increased 5.5% to $302.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $286.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2022, which was driven by a 6.1% increase in Average Monthly Realized Rent per property, partially offset by a 70 basis point decrease in Average Occupied Days Percentage. Core property operating expenses from Same-Home properties increased 4.5% to $103.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $99.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2022, primarily driven by inflationary increases in repairs and maintenance (“R&M”) and turnover costs, net and property management expenses, net, partially offset by lower property tax expense due to the timing of prior year quarterly tax accruals. As a result, Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 6.0% to $199.0 million for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $187.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2022.

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders was $178.6 million, or $0.43 per FFO share and unit, for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $160.5 million, or $0.40 per FFO share and unit, for the fourth quarter of 2022. Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders was $160.8 million, or $0.39 per FFO share and unit, for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $143.8 million, or $0.35 per FFO share and unit, for the fourth quarter of 2022. These improvements were primarily attributable to higher rental rates.

Full Year 2023 Financial Results

Net income attributable to common shareholders totaled $366.2 million, or $1.01 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $250.8 million, or $0.71 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase was primarily due to higher net gains on property sales, higher rental rates and a larger number of occupied properties.

Rents and other single-family property revenues increased 8.9% to $1.6 billion for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $1.5 billion for the year ended December 31, 2022. Revenue growth was primarily driven by higher rental rates and an increase in our average occupied portfolio which grew to 55,874 homes for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to 54,847 homes for the year ended December 31, 2022.

Core NOI from our total portfolio increased 9.1% to $904.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $829.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. This growth was driven by a 9.3% increase in core revenues resulting primarily from higher rental rates and a larger number of occupied properties, partially offset by a 9.8% increase in core property operating expenses.

For the Company’s Same-Home portfolio, core revenues increased 6.5% to $1.2 billion for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $1.1 billion for the year ended December 31, 2022, which was driven by a 7.1% increase in Average Monthly Realized Rent per property, partially offset by a 40 basis point decrease in Average Occupied Days Percentage. Core property operating expenses from Same-Home properties increased 9.1% to $420.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $385.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, primarily driven by increased property tax expense and inflationary increases in R&M and turnover costs, net and property management expenses, net. As a result, Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 5.1% to $770.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $732.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2022.

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders was $688.5 million, or $1.66 per FFO share and unit, for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $618.8 million, or $1.54 per FFO share and unit, for the year ended December 31, 2022. Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders was $609.3 million, or $1.47 per FFO share and unit, for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $550.5 million, or $1.37 per FFO share and unit, for the year ended December 31, 2022. These improvements were primarily attributable to higher rental rates and a larger number of occupied properties.

Portfolio

Average Occupied Days Percentage was 95.0% for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to 95.6% for the third quarter of 2023.

Investments

As of December 31, 2023, the Company’s wholly-owned portfolio consisted of 59,332 homes, compared to 59,092 homes as of September 30, 2023, an increase of 240 homes during the fourth quarter of 2023, which included 456 newly constructed homes delivered through our AMH Development Program and 25 homes acquired through our National Builder Program and traditional acquisition channel, partially offset by 241 homes sold to third parties. During the fourth quarter of 2023, we also developed an additional 47 newly constructed homes which were delivered to our unconsolidated joint ventures, aggregating to 503 total program deliveries through our AMH Development Program. As of December 31, 2023, the Company had 862 properties held for sale and 2,978 properties held in unconsolidated joint ventures.

Capital Activities, Balance Sheet and Liquidity

During the fourth quarter of 2023, the Company issued 2,799,683 Class A common shares under its at-the-market common share offering program, receiving net proceeds of $100.2 million after commissions and other expenses of $1.7 million.

As of December 31, 2023, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $59.4 million and total outstanding debt of $4.5 billion, excluding unamortized discounts and unamortized deferred financing costs, with a weighted-average interest rate of 4.1% and a weighted-average term to maturity of 11.2 years, which includes $90.0 million of outstanding borrowings on its $1.25 billion revolving credit facility. During the fourth quarter of 2023, the Company generated $69.5 million of Retained Cash Flow and sold 241 properties generating $72.5 million of net proceeds. Additionally, the Company’s AMH 2014-SFR2 and AMH 2014-SFR3 securitizations, which had a total balance of $938.6 million as of December 31, 2023, are scheduled to mature in the fourth quarter of 2024. In January 2024, the Company provided notice of its intent to payoff the AMH 2014-SFR2 securitization during the first quarter of 2024, which had a balance of $461.5 million as of December 31, 2023, of which $25.7 million represents asset-backed securitization certificates that are held by the Company.

In January 2024, the Company issued 932,746 Class A common shares under its at-the market common share offering program, receiving net proceeds of $33.2 million after commissions and other expenses of $0.5 million.

In January 2024, American Homes 4 Rent, L.P. (the “Operating Partnership”), the entity through which the Company conducts substantially all of its business and owns, directly or through subsidiaries, substantially all of its assets, issued $600.0 million of 5.500% unsecured senior notes with a maturity date of February 1, 2034, which carry a green bond designation and were issued under the Company’s green finance framework. Interest on the notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on February 1 and August 1 of each year, commencing on August 1, 2024. The Operating Partnership received aggregate net proceeds of $595.5 million from these issuances, after underwriting fees of approximately $3.9 million and a $0.6 million discount, and before estimated offering costs of $1.5 million. Pending full allocation of an amount equal to the net proceeds to finance new or existing projects meeting the eligibility criteria described in the prospectus supplement related to the offering, the Operating Partnership intends to allocate the net proceeds to repay outstanding indebtedness, including the payoff of the AMH 2014-SFR2 securitization and/or temporarily invest the net proceeds in accordance with the Company’s cash investment policy.

Sustainability Update

The Company’s inaugural green bond issuance highlights its focus on energy efficient and sustainable construction practices as it contributes much needed inventory to the country’s under-supplied housing landscape.

2024 Guidance

Set forth below are the Company’s current expectations with respect to full year 2024 Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders and our underlying assumptions. In reliance on the exception provided by applicable SEC rules, the Company does not provide guidance for GAAP net income, the most comparable GAAP financial measure, or a reconciliation of 2024 Core FFO guidance to GAAP net income because we are unable to reasonably predict the following items which are included in GAAP net income: (i) gain on sale and impairment of single-family properties and other, net for consolidated properties and unconsolidated joint ventures, (ii) acquisition and other transaction costs and (iii) hurricane-related charges, net. The actual amounts for any and all of these items could significantly impact our 2024 GAAP net income and, as disclosed in our historical financial results, have significantly impacted GAAP net income in prior periods.

Guidance Summary




Full Year 2024

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders



$1.70 – $1.76

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders growth



2.4% – 6.0%





Same-Home




Core revenues growth



3.75% – 5.75%

Core property operating expenses growth



5.25% – 7.25%

Core NOI growth



3.00% – 5.00%






Full Year 2024

Investment Program

Properties


Investment

Wholly owned acquisitions


Wholly owned development deliveries

1,825 – 1,975


$700 – $800 million

Wholly owned land and development pipeline


$100 – $150 million

Pro rata share of JV and Property Enhancing Capex


$100 – $150 million

Total capital investment (wholly owned and pro rata JV)

1,825 – 1,975


$0.9 – $1.1 billion

Total gross capital investment (JVs at 100%)

2,200 – 2,400


$1.1 – $1.3 billion

Full Year 2024 Guidance Commentary

Operating Outlook:

  • Same-Home core revenues growth reflects expectation for continued resiliency in the demand and leasing environment and includes the following assumptions for the full year 2024: (1) Average Occupied Days Percentage expectation in the low 96% area, (2) Average Monthly Realized Rent growth of 5.00% – 5.50% driven by 2024 leasing spreads in the high 4% area and contribution from 2023 leasing earn-in, and (3) bad debt expense to remain consistent with 2023 in the low 1% area as a percentage of rents.
  • Same-Home core property operating expenses growth reflects (1) expectation for moderating but still elevated 2024 property tax growth between 6.25% and 8.25% and (2) 4.25% to 6.25% growth in all other core property operating expenses, excluding property taxes, reflecting the general inflationary environment.

Investment Program:

  • Consistent with 2023, the Company’s acquisition programs continue to remain on hold. Until market conditions change, the Company’s current 2024 outlook does not contemplate any material acquisition activity.
  • Investment program outlook contemplates continued consistent growth from the Company’s internal AMH Development Program, which is expected to deliver between 2,200 to 2,400 total program deliveries during 2024.

Capital Plan:

  • In addition to the Company’s $0.9$1.1 billion total wholly-owned and pro rata JV capital investment program, the Company’s AMH 2014-SFR2 and AMH 2014-SFR3 securitizations, which had a total outstanding balance of $938.6 million as of December 31, 2023, are scheduled to mature in the fourth quarter of 2024.
  • During January 2024, the Company provided notice of its intent to payoff the AMH 2014-SFR2 securitization during the first quarter of 2024 and plans to payoff the AMH 2014-SFR3 securitization over the course of 2024 based on capital markets conditions.
  • The Company expects to fund its 2024 capital plan through a combination of Retained Cash Flow, approximately $400$500 million of recycled capital from dispositions, as well as equity and debt capital, including the equity capital raised on the Company’s at-the-market program in the fourth quarter of 2023 and first quarter of 2024 and $600 million green bond issuance in January 2024.

Reconciliation of Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders from 2023 to 2024 Guidance Midpoint


Per FFO Share
and Unit

2023 Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$                          1.66



Same-Home Core NOI

0.08

Non-Same-Home Core NOI (1)

0.07

Disposition program

(0.02)

General and administrative expense and amortization of IT software assets (2)

(0.01)

Financing costs (share count and interest) (3)

(0.05)



2024 Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders – Guidance Midpoint

$                          1.73

2024 Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders growth – Guidance Midpoint

4.2 %



(1)

Core FFO growth from Non-Same-Home Core NOI includes (i) contribution from existing properties not included in the Company’s 2024 Same-Home portfolio, including 2023 wholly-owned property additions, and (ii) contribution from 2024 wholly-owned property additions.

(2)

General and administrative expense and amortization of IT software assets increase reflects (i) general inflationary environment and (ii) investments from prior years into IT systems supporting our industry-leading property management platform.

(3)

Financing costs (share count and interest) change is primarily related to the funding of the Company’s investment programs and the refinancing of the 2024 maturing securitizations.

Additional Information

A copy of the Company’s Fourth Quarter 2023 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package and this press release are available on our website at www.amh.com, under “Investor relations.” This information has also been furnished to the SEC in a current report on Form 8-K.

Conference Call

A conference call is scheduled on Friday, February 23, 2024 at 12:00 p.m. Eastern Time to discuss the Company’s financial results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2023 and to provide an update on its business. The domestic dial-in number is (877) 451-6152 (U.S. and Canada) and the international dial-in number is (201) 389-0879 (passcode not required). A simultaneous audio webcast may be accessed by using the link at www.amh.com, under “Investor relations.” A replay of the conference call may be accessed through Friday, March 8, 2024 by calling (844) 512-2921 (U.S. and Canada) or (412) 317-6671 (international), replay passcode number 13742949#, or by using the link at www.amh.com, under “Investor relations.” 

About AMH

AMH (NYSE: AMH) is a leading large-scale integrated owner, operator and developer of single-family rental homes. We’re an internally managed Maryland real estate investment trust (REIT) focused on acquiring, developing, renovating, leasing and managing homes as rental properties. Our goal is to simplify the experience of leasing a home and deliver peace of mind to households across the country.

In recent years, we’ve been named one of Fortune’s 2023 Best Workplaces in Real Estate, a 2023 Great Place to Work®, a 2023 Most Loved Workplace®, a 2023 Top U.S. Homebuilder by Builder100, and one of America’s Most Responsible Companies 2023 and America’s Most Trustworthy Companies 2023 by Newsweek and Statista Inc. As of December 31, 2023, we owned nearly 60,000 single-family properties in the Southeast, Midwest, Southwest and Mountain West regions of the United States. Additional information about AMH is available on our website at www.amh.com

AMH refers to one or more of American Homes 4 Rent, American Homes 4 Rent, L.P. and their subsidiaries and joint ventures. In certain states, we operate under AMH Living or American Homes 4 Rent. Please see www.amh.com/dba to learn more.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release and the accompanying Supplemental Information Package contain “forward-looking statements.” These forward-looking statements relate to beliefs, expectations or intentions and similar statements concerning matters that are not of historical fact and are generally accompanied by words such as “estimate,” “project,” “predict,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “potential,” “plan,” “goal,” “outlook,” “guidance” or other words that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes. Examples of forward-looking statements contained in this press release include, among others, our 2024 Guidance, our belief that our acquisition and homebuilding programs will result in continued growth and the estimated timing of our development deliveries set forth in the Supplemental Information Package. The Company has based these forward-looking statements on its current expectations and assumptions about future events. While the Company’s management considers these expectations and assumptions to be reasonable, they are inherently subject to significant business, economic, competitive, regulatory and other risks, contingencies and uncertainties, most of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond the Company’s control and could cause actual results to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Investors should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this press release. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to conform to actual results or changes in its expectations, unless required by applicable law. For a further description of the risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from those expressed in these forward-looking statements, as well as risks relating to the business of the Company in general, see the “Risk Factors” disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 and in the Company’s subsequent filings with the SEC.

AMH

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



December 31, 2023


December 31, 2022


(Unaudited)



Assets




Single-family properties:




Land

$              2,234,301


$              2,197,233

Buildings and improvements

10,651,388


10,127,891

Single-family properties in operation

12,885,689


12,325,124

Less: accumulated depreciation

(2,719,970)


(2,386,452)

Single-family properties in operation, net

10,165,719


9,938,672

Single-family properties under development and development land

1,409,424


1,187,221

Single-family properties and land held for sale, net

182,082


198,716

Total real estate assets, net

11,757,225


11,324,609

Cash and cash equivalents

59,385


69,155

Restricted cash

162,476


148,805

Rent and other receivables

42,823


47,752

Escrow deposits, prepaid expenses and other assets

406,138


331,446

Investments in unconsolidated joint ventures

114,198


107,347

Asset-backed securitization certificates

25,666


25,666

Goodwill

120,279


120,279

Total assets

$             12,688,190


$             12,175,059





Liabilities




Revolving credit facility

$                   90,000


$                 130,000

Asset-backed securitizations, net

1,871,421


1,890,842

Unsecured senior notes, net

2,500,226


2,495,156

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

573,660


484,403

Total liabilities

5,035,307


5,000,401





Commitments and contingencies








Equity




Shareholders’ equity:




Class A common shares ($0.01 par value per share, 450,000,000 shares authorized, 364,296,431 and

    352,881,826 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively)

3,643


3,529

Class B common shares ($0.01 par value per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 635,075 shares issued

    and outstanding at December 31, 2023 and 2022)

6


6

Preferred shares ($0.01 par value per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 9,200,000 shares issued and

    outstanding at December 31, 2023 and 2022)

92


92

Additional paid-in capital

7,357,848


6,931,819

Accumulated deficit

(394,908)


(440,791)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

843


1,332

Total shareholders’ equity

6,967,524


6,495,987

Noncontrolling interest

685,359


678,671

Total equity

7,652,883


7,174,658





Total liabilities and equity

$             12,688,190


$             12,175,059

AMH

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)



For the Three Months Ended

December 31,


For the Years Ended

December 31,


2023


2022


2023


2022


(Unaudited)


(Unaudited)


(Unaudited)



Rents and other single-family property revenues

$             408,657


$             380,926


$          1,623,605


$          1,490,534









Expenses:








Property operating expenses

142,797


137,113


599,459


552,091

Property management expenses

31,112


28,157


123,363


112,698

General and administrative expense

18,487


14,942


74,615


68,057

Interest expense

35,091


36,249


140,198


134,871

Acquisition and other transaction costs

4,260


5,338


16,910


23,452

Depreciation and amortization

115,771


112,843


456,550


426,531

Hurricane-related charges, net




6,133

Total expenses

347,518


334,642


1,411,095


1,323,833









Gain on sale and impairment of single-family properties and other, net

29,082


57,407


209,834


136,459

Other income and expense, net

716


100


9,798


6,865









Net income

90,937


103,791


432,142


310,025









Noncontrolling interest

10,834


12,768


51,974


36,887

Dividends on preferred shares

3,486


3,486


13,944


17,081

Redemption of perpetual preferred shares




5,276









Net income attributable to common shareholders

$               76,617


$               87,537


$             366,224


$             250,781









Weighted-average common shares outstanding:








Basic

362,954,405


353,857,902


362,024,968


349,290,848

Diluted

363,396,325


354,185,629


362,477,216


349,787,092









Net income attributable to common shareholders per share:








Basic

$                  0.21


$                  0.25


$                  1.01


$                  0.72

Diluted

$                  0.21


$                  0.25


$                  1.01


$                  0.71

Defined Terms

Average Monthly Realized Rent

For the related period, Average Monthly Realized Rent is calculated as the lease component of rents and other single-family property revenues (i.e., rents from single-family properties) divided by the product of (a) number of properties and (b) Average Occupied Days Percentage, divided by the number of months. For properties partially owned during the period, this calculation is adjusted to reflect the number of days of ownership.

Average Occupied Days Percentage

The number of days a property is occupied in the period divided by the total number of days the property is owned during the same period after initially being placed in-service. This calculation excludes properties classified as held for sale.

Occupied Property

A property is classified as occupied upon commencement (i.e., start date) of a lease agreement, which can occur contemporaneously with or subsequent to execution (i.e., signature).

Recurring Capital Expenditures

For our Same-Home portfolio, Recurring Capital Expenditures includes replacement costs and other capital expenditures recorded during the period that are necessary to help preserve the value and maintain functionality of our properties. For our total portfolio, we calculate Recurring Capital Expenditures by multiplying (a) current period actual Recurring Capital Expenditures per Same-Home property by (b) our total number of properties, excluding newly acquired non-stabilized properties and properties classified as held for sale.

Same-Home Property

A property is classified as Same-Home if it has been stabilized longer than 90 days prior to the beginning of the earliest period presented under comparison. A property is removed from Same-Home if it has been classified as held for sale or has experienced a casualty loss.

Stabilized Property

A property acquired individually (i.e., not through a bulk purchase) is classified as stabilized once it has been renovated by the Company or newly constructed and then initially leased or available for rent for a period greater than 90 days. Properties acquired through a bulk purchase are first considered non-stabilized, as an entire group, until (1) we have owned them for an adequate period of time to allow for complete on-boarding to our operating platform, and (2) a substantial portion of the properties have experienced tenant turnover at least once under our ownership, providing the opportunity for renovations and improvements to meet our property standards. After such time has passed, properties acquired through a bulk purchase are then evaluated on an individual property basis under our standard stabilization criteria.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release and the Fourth Quarter 2023 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package include Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders (“FFO attributable to common share and unit holders”), Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Retained Cash Flow, Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI, which are non-GAAP financial measures. We believe these measures are helpful in understanding our financial performance and are widely used in the REIT industry. Because other REITs may not compute these financial measures in the same manner, they may not be comparable among REITs. In addition, these metrics are not substitutes for net income or loss or net cash flows from operating activities, as defined by GAAP, as measures of our operating performance, liquidity or ability to pay dividends. Reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in this press release and in the Fourth Quarter 2023 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package.

Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders and Retained Cash Flow

FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we calculate in accordance with the definition approved by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, which defines FFO as net income or loss calculated in accordance with GAAP, excluding gains and losses from sales or impairment of real estate, plus real estate-related depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs and depreciation of non-real estate assets), and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures to reflect FFO on the same basis.

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use as a supplemental measure of our performance. We compute this metric by adjusting FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for (1) acquisition and other transaction costs incurred with business combinations and the acquisition or disposition of properties as well as nonrecurring items unrelated to ongoing operations, (2) noncash share-based compensation expense, (3) hurricane-related charges, net, which result in material charges to our single-family property portfolio, (4) gain or loss on early extinguishment of debt and (5) the allocation of income to our perpetual preferred shares in connection with their redemption.

Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use as a supplemental measure of our performance. We compute this metric by adjusting Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for (1) Recurring Capital Expenditures that are necessary to help preserve the value and maintain functionality of our properties and (2) capitalized leasing costs incurred during the period. As a portion of our homes are recently developed, acquired and/or renovated, we estimate Recurring Capital Expenditures for our entire portfolio by multiplying (a) current period actual Recurring Capital Expenditures per Same-Home Property by (b) our total number of properties, excluding newly acquired non-stabilized properties and properties classified as held for sale. 

We present FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, as well as on a per FFO share and unit basis, because we consider this metric to be an important measure of the performance of real estate companies, as do many investors and analysts in evaluating the Company. We believe that FFO attributable to common share and unit holders provides useful information to investors because this metric excludes depreciation, which is included in computing net income and assumes the value of real estate diminishes predictably over time. We believe that real estate values fluctuate due to market conditions and in response to inflation. We also believe that Core FFO and Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, as well as on a per FFO share and unit basis, provide useful information to investors because they allow investors to compare our operating performance to prior reporting periods without the effect of certain items that, by nature, are not comparable from period to period.

FFO shares and units include weighted-average common shares and operating partnership units outstanding, as well as potentially dilutive securities.

Retained Cash Flow is a non-GAAP financial measure that we believe is helpful as a supplemental measure in assessing the Company’s liquidity. This metric is computed by reducing Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders by common distributions.

FFO, Core FFO and Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders and Retained Cash Flow are not substitutes for net income or net cash provided by operating activities, each as determined in accordance with GAAP, as a measure of our operating performance, liquidity or ability to pay dividends. These metrics also are not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund future cash needs. Because other REITs may not compute these measures in the same manner, they may not be comparable among REITs.

The following is a reconciliation of net income or loss attributable to common shareholders to FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders and Retained Cash Flow for the three months and the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 (amounts in thousands, except share and per share data):


For the Three Months Ended

December 31,


For the Years Ended

December 31,


2023


2022


2023


2022


(Unaudited)


(Unaudited)


(Unaudited)


(Unaudited)

Net income attributable to common shareholders

$               76,617


$               87,537


$             366,224


$             250,781

Adjustments:








Noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership

10,834


12,768


51,974


36,887

Gain on sale and impairment of single-family properties and other, net

(29,082)


(57,407)


(209,834)


(136,459)

Adjustments for unconsolidated joint ventures

1,331


466


3,711


344

Depreciation and amortization

115,771


112,843


456,550


426,531

Less: depreciation and amortization of non-real estate assets

(4,515)


(3,710)


(17,417)


(13,358)

FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$             170,956


$             152,497


$             651,208


$             564,726

Adjustments:








Acquisition, other transaction costs and other

4,260


5,338


16,910


23,452

Noncash share-based compensation – general and administrative

2,494


1,966


16,379


15,318

Noncash share-based compensation – property management

879


715


4,030


3,861

Hurricane-related charges, net




6,133

Redemption of perpetual preferred shares




5,276

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$             178,589


$             160,516


$             688,527


$             618,766

Recurring Capital Expenditures

(17,019)


(16,020)


(76,098)


(65,636)

Leasing costs

(745)


(718)


(3,113)


(2,586)

Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$             160,825


$             143,778


$             609,316


$             550,544

Common distributions

(91,375)


(73,132)


(365,552)


(289,854)

Retained Cash Flow

$               69,450


$               70,646


$             243,764


$             260,690









Per FFO share and unit:








FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$                  0.41


$                  0.38


$                  1.57


$                  1.41

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$                  0.43


$                  0.40


$                  1.66


$                  1.54

Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$                  0.39


$                  0.35


$                  1.47


$                  1.37









Weighted-average FFO shares and units:








Common shares outstanding

362,954,405


353,857,902


362,024,968


349,290,848

Share-based compensation plan and forward sale equity contracts (1)

913,602


674,400


828,424


906,762

Operating partnership units

51,376,980


51,376,980


51,376,980


51,376,980

Total weighted-average FFO shares and units

415,244,987


405,909,282


414,230,372


401,574,590



(1)

Reflects the effect of potentially dilutive securities issuable upon the assumed vesting/exercise of restricted stock units and stock options and the dilutive effect of forward sale equity contracts under the treasury stock method.

The following is a reconciliation of net income per common share–diluted to FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders and Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders on a per share and unit basis for the three months and the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022:


For the Three Months Ended

December 31,


For the Years Ended

December 31,


2023


2022


2023


2022


(Unaudited)


(Unaudited)


(Unaudited)


(Unaudited)

Net income per common share–diluted

$                  0.21


$                  0.25


$                  1.01


$                  0.71

Adjustments:








Conversion from GAAP share count

(0.03)


(0.03)


(0.13)


(0.09)

Noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership

0.03


0.03


0.13


0.09

Gain on sale and impairment of single-family properties and other, net

(0.07)


(0.14)


(0.51)


(0.34)

Adjustments for unconsolidated joint ventures



0.01


Depreciation and amortization

0.28


0.28


1.10


1.07

Less: depreciation and amortization of non-real estate assets

(0.01)


(0.01)


(0.04)


(0.03)

FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$                  0.41


$                  0.38


$                  1.57


$                  1.41

Adjustments:








Acquisition, other transaction costs and other

0.01


0.02


0.04


0.06

Noncash share-based compensation – general and administrative

0.01



0.04


0.03

Noncash share-based compensation – property management



0.01


0.01

Hurricane-related charges, net




0.02

Redemption of perpetual preferred shares




0.01

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$                  0.43


$                  0.40


$                  1.66


$                  1.54

Recurring Capital Expenditures

(0.04)


(0.05)


(0.18)


(0.16)

Leasing costs



(0.01)


(0.01)

Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$                  0.39


$                  0.35


$                  1.47


$                  1.37

Core Net Operating Income

Core NOI, which we also present separately for our Same-Home portfolio, is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that we define as core revenues, which is calculated as rents and other single-family property revenues, excluding expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs, less core property operating expenses, which is calculated as property operating and property management expenses, excluding noncash share-based compensation expense and expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs.

Core NOI also excludes (1) gain or loss on early extinguishment of debt, (2) hurricane-related charges, net, which result in material charges to our single-family property portfolio, (3) gains and losses from sales or impairments of single-family properties and other, (4) depreciation and amortization, (5) acquisition and other transaction costs incurred with business combinations and the acquisition or disposition of properties as well as nonrecurring items unrelated to ongoing operations, (6) noncash share-based compensation expense, (7) interest expense, (8) general and administrative expense, and (9) other income and expense, net. We believe Core NOI provides useful information to investors about the operating performance of our single-family properties without the impact of certain operating expenses that are reimbursed through tenant charge-backs.

Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI should be considered only as supplements to net income or loss as a measure of our performance and should not be used as measures of our liquidity, nor are they indicative of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to pay dividends or make distributions. Additionally, these metrics should not be used as substitutes for net income or loss or net cash flows from operating activities (as computed in accordance with GAAP). 

The following are reconciliations of core revenues, Same-Home core revenues, core property operating expenses, Same-Home core property operating expenses, Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI to their respective GAAP metrics for the three months and the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 (amounts in thousands):


For the Three Months Ended

December 31,


For the Years Ended

December 31,


2023


2022


2023


2022


(Unaudited)


(Unaudited)


(Unaudited)


(Unaudited)

Core revenues and Same-Home core revenues








Rents and other single-family property revenues

$             408,657


$             380,926


$          1,623,605


$          1,490,534

Tenant charge-backs

(48,506)


(45,183)


(215,555)


(202,606)

Core revenues

360,151


335,743


1,408,050


1,287,928

Less: Non-Same-Home core revenues

(57,440)


(48,808)


(217,456)


(170,017)

Same-Home core revenues

$             302,711


$             286,935


$          1,190,594


$          1,117,911











Core property operating expenses and Same-Home core property operating expenses





Property operating expenses

$             142,797


$             137,113


$             599,459


$             552,091

Property management expenses

31,112


28,157


123,363


112,698

Noncash share-based compensation – property management

(879)


(715)


(4,030)


(3,861)

Expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs

(48,506)


(45,183)


(215,555)


(202,606)

Core property operating expenses

124,524


119,372


503,237


458,322

Less: Non-Same-Home core property operating expenses

(20,788)


(20,133)


(83,153)


(73,306)

Same-Home core property operating expenses

$             103,736


$               99,239


$             420,084


$             385,016











Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI










Net income

$               90,937


$             103,791


$             432,142


$             310,025

Hurricane-related charges, net




6,133

Gain on sale and impairment of single-family properties and other, net

(29,082)


(57,407)


(209,834)


(136,459)

Depreciation and amortization

115,771


112,843


456,550


426,531

Acquisition and other transaction costs

4,260


5,338


16,910


23,452

Noncash share-based compensation – property management

879


715


4,030


3,861

Interest expense

35,091


36,249


140,198


134,871

General and administrative expense

18,487


14,942


74,615


68,057

Other income and expense, net

(716)


(100)


(9,798)


(6,865)

Core NOI

235,627


216,371


904,813


829,606

Less: Non-Same-Home Core NOI

(36,652)


(28,675)


(134,303)


(96,711)

Same-Home Core NOI

$             198,975


$             187,696


$             770,510


$             732,895

Contact:
AMH Investor Relations
Phone: (855) 794-2447
Email: investors@amh.com

SOURCE AMH

Originally published at https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/amh-reports-fourth-quarter-and-full-year-2023-financial-and-operating-results-302069304.html
Images courtesy of https://pixabay.com

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